1. A deaf person who has been educated without the benefit of sign language and who has been taught using a method which encourages the use of speech alone.
2. A deaf person who can use speech quite well and who probably does not use sign language.
3. The technique of decoding the sounds of a spoken language by watching the lips. English = lip reading, speech reading.
4. An educational method for the deaf which focuses on teaching lip reading and articulation, often to the exclusion of sign language. English = oralism.