1. Used (i) immediately next to a verb or adjective to negate it, i.e., to mean that the action does not happen, or that something does not have that quality, or (ii) used at the end of a question-like sentence as a kind of answer, i.e., it makes the whole sentence negative. For example ME FRIGHTENED SPIDERS? NO-WAY (“I’m not frightened of spiders”). English = not, don't, doesn't, didn't.