1. Your ability to recognise things when you touch them with your tongue. English = taste.
2. The special sensation something has on your tongue when you eat it or when you simply touch it with you tongue, for example whether it is sweet or salty. English = taste, flavour.
3. A class of things which you find interesting, attractive or which you like better than others. English = taste, preference.
4. A class of things that has particular features in common and that belongs to a group of related things. English = type.